Mon. Oct 18th, 2021

The best thing to do when you entered the Masjid (Mosque) while the Muadhin is calling the Adhan is to respond him by saying the same thing said by the Muadhin.

What I mean is that when the Muadhin says:

أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلٰه إِلَّا اللّٰه

You should also say:

أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلٰه إِلَّا اللّٰه

When the Muadhin now says:

حَيَّ عَلَى الصَّلَاةِ، حَيَّ عَلَى الْفَلَاحِ
Hayya ‘alas Salaat, Hayya ‘alal Falah

You should then say:

لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللّٰه
Laa Hawla Wa Laa Quwwata Illa Billahi

After the Adhan, you should now observe the two Rakahs to salute the Masjid. But, if you have been in the mosque before the Muadhin called the Adhan, you may have observed the two Rakahs, all you need to do is to observe the two Rakahs to prepare yourself for the Salaat.

Some of the scholars have made an exception for this I’m the case of one who enters the Masjid while the Muadhin is making the second Adhan on Friday should pray the two Rakahs for saluting the Masjid in order to hear the sermon (he should pray it while the Adhan is being called in order not to miss anything of the sermon).

They justified this by saying that listening to the sermon is obligatory, while answering the Muadhin is not obligatory, and fulfillment of an obligation takes preference over the implementation of something which is not an obligation.

It was also reported that a person should repeat after the Muadhin says:

أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلٰه إِلَّا اللّٰهِ، أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللّٰهِ
Ash’adu an Laa ilaha illa lladhi, Ash’adu Anna Muhammadan rasuulullah

by saying:

رَضِيتُ بِاللّٰهِ رَبَّا، وَبِالإِسْلَامِ دِينَ، و بِمُحَمَّدٍ نَبِيَّا وَرَسُولًا
“I am pleased with Allah as my Lord and with Islam as my religion and with Muhammad as my Messenger.”

مَن قَالَ حِينَ يَسْمَعـُ النِّدَاءُ: أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلٰه إِلَّا اللّٰهِ، أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللّٰهِ، رَضِيتُ بِاللّٰهِ رَبَّا، وَبِالإِسْلَامِ دِينَ، و بِمُحَمَّدٍ نَبِيَّا وَرَسُولًا

Mon Qaala heena yasma’un nida’a:
Ash’adu an Laa ilaha illa lladhi, Ash’adu Anna Muhammadan rasuulullah, Radeetu billahi rabba wa bil Islami deena, wa bi Muhammadin nabiyya, wa rasuula.

Whoever said when he hears the call: “I testify that none is worthy of worship except Allah and I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah,”: ‘I am pleased with Allah as my Lord and with Islam as my religion and Muhammad as my Messenger,’ his sins will be forgiven.

Reported by Muslim in the Book of Prayer, in the Chapter: The Desirability of Saying What the Muadhin Says.

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